Closed canopy uplands

CLOSED CANOPY UPLANDS - Sandy soils embedded within open canopy communities or in fire protected areas along bodies of water. Dominanted by large oak (Quercus) trees and/or shrubs. 


Shrubland composed of scrub oas including sand live oak (Quercus geminata), myrtle oak (Quercus myrtifolia), and Chapmannā€™s oak (Quercus chapmanii) with or without sand pine (Pinus clausa) canopy. Open gaps with lichens and other herbacous plants.

Mesic hammock 

Distinguished by canopy dominated of live oak (Quercus virginiana) with an open shrub layer of saw palmetto (Serenoa repens), beautyberry (Callicarpa americana) and yaupon (Ilex vomitoria). Other canopy tres include laurel oak (Quercus hemispherica), southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), sand live oak (Quercus geminata), sand hickory (Carya pallida) and red bay (Persea borbonia) and ohter midstory plants include deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum), pawpaw (Asimina triloba), and service berry (Amelanchier arborea). Groundcover spare and variable and fires rare. 

Xeric hammock

Distinguished by canopy dominated of sand live oak (Quercus geminata) with or without sand pine (Pinus clausa), laurel oak (Quercus laurifolia), and southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), southern red cedar (Juniperus silicicola). Midstory of (Vaccinium arboreum),  saw palmetto (Serenoa repens), yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) and groundcover of sparse herbs and low panic grasses (Dichanthelium spp.), and reindeer lichen (Cladonia spp.). Fire rare. 

Upland hardwood forest