Closed canopy wetlands

Closed Canopy Wetlands are dominated by woody species with hydric, mucky soils. 


A Baygall is a closed canopy of bay trees including sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana) and redbay (Persea borbonia), associated with bodies of inland water and flatwoods. Baygall soils generally remain saturated from precipitation and/or seepage. 

Dome swamp 

Dome swamps are closed, "dome-shaped" canopies of cypress trees including bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) and/or pond cypress (Taxodium ascendens). They are isolated swamps within flatwoods, upland pines, or wet prairies. Examples are widespread and are easily seen as dome shaped groups of trees in agricultural fields in the northern parts of our counties. Seasonal standing water from precipitation is standard. 

Bottomland forest 

Bottomland forests are distinguished by a canopy of spruce pine (Pinus glabra), loblolly (Pinus taeda), water oak (Quercus nigra), and sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua).  They may be associated with rivers or smaller bodies of water and are isolated inland.