Closed canopy uplands

CLOSED CANOPY UPLANDS - Sandy soils embedded within open canopy communities or in fire protected areas along bodies of water. Dominanted by large oak (Quercus) trees and/or shrubs except upland hardwood forest where Quercus are co-dominant with other tree species. 

Mesic hammock 

Distinguished by canopy dominated of live oak (Quercus virginiana) with an open shrub layer of saw palmetto (Serenoa repens), beautyberry (Callicarpa americana) and yaupon (Ilex vomitoria). Other canopy tres include laurel oak (Quercus hemispherica), southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), sand live oak (Quercus geminata), sand hickory (Carya pallida) and red bay (Persea borbonia) and ohter midstory plants include deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum), pawpaw (Asimina triloba), and service berry (Amelanchier arborea). Groundcover spare and variable, fires rare, and mesic soil. 

Xeric hammock

Distinguished by canopy dominated of sand live oak (Quercus geminata) with or without sand pine (Pinus clausa), laurel oak (Quercus laurifolia), and southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), southern red cedar (Juniperus silicicola). Midstory of (Vaccinium arboreum),  saw palmetto (Serenoa repens), yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) and groundcover of sparse herbs and low panic grasses (Dichanthelium spp.), and reindeer lichen (Cladonia spp.). Fire rare soils exeric. 

Upland hardwood forest

Distinguished by a diverse multi-layered canopy of trees including a canopy with American beech (Fagus grandifolia), southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora),  white oak (Quercus alba) and a midtory of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and horsesugar (Symplocos tinctoria). Groundcover sparse and xerix soils. 

*Pine plantation 

Non-natural pine (Pinus)  plantations. Easily identified by even age stands of trees plant in rows or in some other symmetric arrangment. Of various ecological value and species composition. 

*Not natural or included in general description of closed canopy uplands.